2018届高三英语上学期期末考试试卷(云南民族大学附中有答案)

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2018届高三英语上学期期末考试试卷(云南民族大学附中有答案)

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[考试时间:2018年1月29日19 :00至21 :00]
云南民族大学附属中学
2018年春季学期期末高三英语试卷
(考试时间120分钟  满分150分)
命题人:          审题人:
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必用黑色碳素笔将自己的考号、姓名、考场、座位号、班级在答题卡上填写清楚。
2.每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应的题目的答案标号涂黑。

第Ⅰ 卷(选择题, 共100分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30)
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
第一节听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What is Chase’s hobby? 
 A. Writing. B. Skiing. C. Collecting stamps.
2. How much will the woman pay?
 A. $39.  B. $35. C. $31.
3. How does the man probably feel? 
 A. Hopeful. B. Confused. C. Annoyed.
4. What is the topic of the conversation?
 A. The lighting of the restaurant.
 B. The friendly staff.
 C. A romantic meal. 
5. What does the woman mean?
 A. She only buys things on sale.
 B. Even the special price is too high.
 C. The man should have gotten a better deal.
第二节 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有2至4个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有5秒钟的时间阅读各个小题;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Why is the woman talking to the man?
 A. She wants to see the doctor.
 B. She needs to email her doctor.
 C. She needs help logging in to the patient website.
7. How often does the woman seem to go to the clinic?
 A. Every year. B. Every two years. C. Every four years.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Why does the woman look up the weather report?
 A. She needs to pick up her son.
 B. She doesn’t trust the weather news on TV.
 C. She wants to know if she should get her umbrella.
9. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Husband and wife.        B. Classmates.       C. Co-workers.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Where are the speakers talking?
 A. In a classroom. 
 B. On the beach. 
 C. In an apartment.
11. Why did Mary go to Xiamen? 
 A. To learn some business skills.  
 B. To escape Wuhan’s heat. 
 C. To spend time with her uncle.
12. What does Mary probably think about seafood? 
 A. She thinks it was terrible.  
 B. She doesn’t like it.  
 C. She thinks it was delicious.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. How long before the scheduled time did the bus leave? 
 A. Ten minutes. B. Thirty minutes. C. An hour. 
14. When did the woman probably get on the next bus? 
 A. At 4:35. B. At 4:45. C. At 5:05.
15. What is the man worried about? 
 A. The daily expense. 
 B. The woman’s safety.
 C. The public transportation.
16. What does the woman decide to do at the end? 
 A. Buy a car.
 B. Work for the newspaper.
 C. Complain to the local government.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What did customers use to complain about?
 A. Not getting through to the restaurants.
 B. Paying a lot for delivery.
 C. Slow service.
18. What is special about DoorDash?
 A. You can order from many places at once.
 B. You can check the progress of the delivery.
 C. The prices are lower than from the restaurants.
19. What do we know about the work of DoorDashers?
 A. The hours are flexible.
 B. The pay isn’t very good.
 C. It’s a good way to promote themselves.
20. Why would a business want to work with DoorDash?
 A. It makes deliveries much more simple.
 B. There is only one organization like it.
 C. Their own employees can join it.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,共30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项
A
Every year Hollywood will turn out more blockbusters. The following ones are supposed to feed your visual addictions if you are film fans.
Beauty and the Beast
Directed by Bill Condon, Beauty and the Beast is starred by Dan Stevens and Luke Evans. Bill, trapped in the beast castle, decides to run away but runs into wolves. To save her, the beast gets badly wounded. Seeing the kind beast dying, she gives him a sad kiss. Unexpectedly he becomes a handsome prince. Its premiere(首映) is scheduled in April 2017.
Justice League
Directed by Zack Snyder and starred by Jason Momoa and Amy Adams, Justice League tells a story of a team of super heroes. Facing the alien invasion, Batman fights bravely. Yet however he tries, he finds it difficult to win by fighting alone. So he gathers all the Super Heroes and form an ally and successfully protects the human beings. Its premiere is scheduled in June 2017.
The Dark Tower
The Dark Tower, directed by Nikolaj Arcel and adapted from the series of novels of the same name by Stephen King, is starred by Katheryn Winnick and Idris Elba. To repair the ray passage and preserve the world, the hero starts to search for the fabled(传说的) Dark Tower, where lies the joining point of the universe. Its premiere is scheduled in September 2017.
Death Note
Death Note, directed by Adam Wingard, is starred by Margaret Qualley and Willem Dafoe. Light Turner accidentally picks up a notebook that has the power to kill any person whose name he writes in it. So he decides to rid the streets of criminals but soon he is pursued by a detective. Then a game of cat and mouse begins. Its premiere is scheduled in October 2017.
21.Which of the following films most probably ends up in a romantic comedy?
A. Beauty and the Beast             B. Justice League
C. The Dark Tower                 D. Death Note
22. We can learn from the passage that ________.
A.Bill is badly wounded by the beast
B.Justice Ally highlights teamwork
C.Dark Tower is filled with treasure
D.Light Turner is a famous detective
23. The film in which the hero tries to save the world is starred by _______.
A. Dan Stevens and Luke Evans      B. Jason Momoa and Amy Adams  
C. Margaret Qualley and Willem Dafoe D. Katheryn Winnick and Idris Elba      
24.This passage is intended to ___________.
A.make a few films stars more famous
B.introduce some American directors
C.attract more film fans to the cinemas
D.state the influence of blockbusters
B
Tea and coffee are the two most universal beverages (饮料)in the world. People believe tea, especially green tea, has a lot of benefits for the health. It’s said that it has an effect to resist cancer and protect the heart. However, good clinical studies are quite few. Although physicians often tell patients to drink green tea, there hasn’t been any dependable proof of the value of that advice.
However, a team of Japanese researchers found drinking green tea can clearly decrease death rate. They followed 40,530 healthy adults aged 40 to 79 for up to 11 years in a region of northeastern Japan where most people drink green tea. They found the death rate of those who drank five or more cups of green tea a day is evidently lower than those who drank less than one cup a day, especially, in disease related with heart and blood vessels.
But no such association was seen with deaths from cancer, nor between oolong(乌龙茶) or black tea and any decrease in death rate. Those teas are easier to be combined with oxygen in processing, which not only darkens the color of the leaves and changes their flavor but also reduces their beneficial content.
Compared with tea, coffee is more controversial. It has received both gold stars and black marks. It, too, contains a matter that is good for health. Evidence for the health benefits of coffee is increasing, however. A group of researchers report that coffee seems to protect against age-related decline in mental ability. They studied 676 healthy men born from 1900 to 1920 and followed them for 10 years, using scientific measures of brain function.
Their conclusion shows the men consuming coffee had clearly less decline in mental ability than those who didn’t. Three cups a day seemed to provide the most protection.
25.Physicians often tell patients to drink green tea because_______.
A.its medical values has been proved
B.it’s believed to be good for health
C.it has long been applied in clinic
D.its effect has been shown in animals
26.The Japanese study seems to have confirmed the positive effect of green tea on _______.
A. people with mental disabilities    B. patients with various cancers
B. people with physical disabilities   D. patients with heart disease
27.The text indicates that black tea differs from green tea because _________.
A.it can keep the color of its leaves
B.it can reduce cancer-related deaths
C.it contains less effective content
D.it is stronger in flavor than the latter
28.Coffee is beneficial to one’s health because _______.
A.it slows down the rate of brain aging
B.it is more beneficial than green tea
C.it lowers the rate of natural death rate
D.it keeps system of the body active
C
As the rapid development of artificial intelligence (AI), there are growing concerns that robots could become a threat. This danger can be avoided, according to Stuart Russell, a computer science professor, if we figure out how to turn human values into a computer program.
  Russell argues that as robots take on more complicated(复杂的) tasks, it’s necessary to have them act on human values. For example, if a robot does chores around the house, you wouldn’t want it to put the pet cat on the stove to make dinner for the hungry children. “To prevent the tragedy, you must have it programmed with a good set of values,” said Russell.
  At present, some robots are already programmed with basic human values. For example, mobile robots have been programmed to keep a comfortable distance from humans. Obviously there are cultural differences, but if you were talking to another person and he came up close in your personal space, you wouldn’t think that’s the kind of thing a properly brought-up person would do.
  It will be possible to create more human-friendly moral machines, if only we can find a way to set out human values as clear rules. This isn’t too difficult in technology if humans do resolve to have robots behave according to human moral criteria. After all robots have ability to learn values from drawing patterns from large sets of data on human behavior. They are dangerous only if programmers are careless.
  The biggest concern with robots going against human values is that human beings fail to do enough testing and they’ve produced a system that will break some kind of taboo(禁忌). Therefore, it’s necessary to have the robot go through a self-check program to make sure it will react by following human values when presented with an unusual situation.
29. What does Russell think about the threat of robots?
A. It is a big challenge to computer programmers.
  B. It’ll push the development of high technology.
  C. It can be avoided if robots act on human values.
  D. It’ll be a must as technology gets more complicated.
30. What do you think of a person who gets into your personal space according to the author?
A. Aggressive.      B. Outgoing.       C. Friendly.     D. Bad-mannered.
31. Based on the passage, robots learn human values by _________.
A. communicating with humans in everyday life situations
B. following the daily routines of civilized human beings
C. picking up patterns from huge data on human behavior
D. copying the behavior of properly brought-up humans
32. How can we make sure that robots’ behavior isn’t affected by humans’ carelessness?
A. Put in a moral self-check program.
B. Stop to seek advice from a human being.
C. Keep a distance from possible dangers.
D. Do sufficient testing before taking action.
D
Some of the world’s most important problems never hit headlines. One example comes from agriculture. Food shortage(短缺) and hunger make news. But no one has ever reported the trend of world grain production. This is the decline in the growth in production of some of the world’s major crops. A new study by the University of Minnesota and McGill University in Montreal looks at where, and how far, this decline is occurring.
The authors take a vast number of data for the four most important crops: rice, wheat, corn and soyabean. It shows that between 24% and 39% of all the farming areas which contributed grain production growth before 1980s witnessed a decline in grain production growth in the 1990s and 2000s.
There are two worrying points of the slowdown. One is that it has been particularly sharp in India and China, which have the largest population. They are able to feed themselves, which make the food markets relatively stable, both within the countries and on the world. However, their ability can not be taken for granted if their growth in production continues to slow down.
Second, production growth has been lower in wheat and rice than in corn and soyabean. This is because wheat and rice are pure food grains, compared with which, corn and soyabean are also commercial. Their rate of deep processing is much higher than rice and wheat and the prediction of a higher income drives more farmers to turn to corn and soyabean production.
The report also let out some optimistic findings which suggest that the world will not have to dig up a lot more land for farming in order to feed 9 billion people in 2050. This is in agreement with the argument of the Food and Agriculture Organization. Moreover, it says, thanks to the slowdown of population growth, land at present used for crops might be likely to be turned back to forest land.
33. The underlined word most probably means ________.
A. acceleration        B. slowdown        C. progress      D. prosperity
34. India and China are mentioned in particular just to show_______.
A.their food production decreases sharply in recent years
B.their self-feeding ability makes the food market stable
C.their big populations are causing worldwide concerns
D.their self-feeding ability has been taken for granted.
35.What makes corn and soyabean enjoy a higher growth than rice and wheat?
A.Food production isn’t as efficient as before the 1980s.
B.The food market isn’t as stable as two decades ago.
C.Some big countries no longer produce enough grain.
D.Farmers tend to grow what brings in a higher income.
第二节(共5题;每小题2分,共10分)
根据下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出可以填入空白处的选项。
   May 1st is an important date in the college admission process in the United States. This is the last day for high school seniors to accept or reject offers of admission in the fall. But according to a recent report, there is a great change. Acceptance rates at the top colleges this year were lower than ever.    36   
   These days, college applicants are applying to more colleges because online and common applications make the process easier.    37    On the hand, deciding students for top colleges to accept can be difficult because it takes much time. Students may not like being put on waiting lists. Also, common colleges work more to get the students to accept them. Some colleges hold visiting days that offer a chance to attend classes and stay overnight. Some universities send gifts.   38   
For many families, the most important thing colleges can do is show them the money, especially this year; the weak economy makes parents nervous.   39   The recent problems that spread from the housing market to credit markets have even affected student’s loans. So lately, top schools have to spare lots of money to increase their financial aid for students.
 40     The Education Department expects the number of high school graduates to start to go down. This will happen as the last of the children of the baby boom generation finish high school. The number is not expected to start rising again until 2015.
A. Besides, top colleges are facing changes in the population.
B. What contributes to it?
C. But a mistake can be costly if it happens.
D. But top colleges ignore them.
E. They have international students who know English.
F. It can mean several acceptances to choose from.
G. They cannot afford college as planned.
第三部分 英语知识运用
第一节 完形填空(共20题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。   
One day I visited an art museum while waiting for my husband to finish a business meeting.I was expecting a quiet  41  of the splendid artwork.
A young  42  viewing the paintings ahead of me  43  nonstop between themselves.I watched them a moment and decided the lady was doing all the talking.I admired the man's  44  for putting up with her  45  stream of words. 46__ by their noise,I moved on.
I met them several times as I moved  47  the various rooms of art.Each time I heard her continuous flow of words,I moved away  48   .
I was standing at the counter of the museum gift shop making a  49_ when the couple approached the 50   .Before they left,the man  51  into his pocket and pulled out a white object.He  52    it into a long stick and then  53  his way into the coatroom to get his wife's jacket.
“He's a  54    man.”the clerk at the counter said.“Most of us would give up if we were blinded at such a young age.During his recovery,he made a promise his life wouldn't change.So,as before,he and his wife come in  55  there is a new art show.”
“But what does he get out of the art?”I asked.“He can't see.”
“Can't see!You're  56  .He sees a lot.More than you and I do,”the clerk said.“His wife 57__  each painting so he can see it in his head.”
I learned something about patience,  58  and love that day.I saw the patience of a young wife describing paintings to a person without  59___and the courage of a husband who would not 60____ blindness to change his life.And I saw the love shared by two people as I watched this couple walk away,their arms intertwined.
41.A.touch          B.view           C.wander        D.scenery
42.A.lady           B.man              C.couple         D.clerk
43.A.chatted         B.argued           C.screamed      D.yelled
44.A.attempt         B.independence      C.wisdom        D.patience
45.A.vivid           B.constant           C.casual         D.exciting
46.A.Adopted         B.Adapted           C.Conducted      D.Disturbed
47.A.through        B.towards           C.to            D.from
48.A.anxiously        B.slowly            C.quickly        D.sensibly
49.A.comment       B.decision          C.purchase       D.profit
50.A.entrance       B.exit              C.front          D.queue
51.A.plugged       B.held               C.reached        D.bent
52.A.made           B.lengthened         C.brought        D.broadened
53.A.led           B.found           C.forced         D.tapped
54.A.brave         B.rough           C.smart          D.generous
55.A.wherever      B.whatever        C.whichever      D.whenever
56.A.wrong         B.silly           C.equal          D.unique
57.A.describes      B.draws            C.shows          D.decorates
58.A.kindness      B.pride           C.enthusiasm     D.courage
59.A.support       B.sight           C.expectation   D.confidence
60.A.get           B.hope             C.allow          D.cause
第II卷 (非选择题, 共50分)
第二节 共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的适当形式。
One Sunday morning in August I went to local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment  61_______  (late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me  ___62____ the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man 63______ (sit) at the front. He64 _______  (pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be 65_______(mental) disabled.
Behind him were other people to  66______  he was trying to talk, but after some minutes   67_______ walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed.
I didn’t want to be laughed at for talking to him 68_______ I didn’t like leaving him on his own either.
After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had 69_______  amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home.
I’m glad I made a choice. It made  70_______of us feel good.

 

 

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。
 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
 Dear Johnson,
I'm very glad to write to you. It is near a month since you had left our hospital. I’m still worried about you. How are get along these days? I think you may be much better now, but you’d better have a good rest and take good care of yourselves since you are sixty-year-old man. I still remember those days which you helped me to my English. With your help, I make good progress. But to my regret, my English remains very poor if I have made good use of my time. Can you give me some advices on it.
                                                            Yours,
                                                               Li Hua  
第二节 书面表达(满分25)
你的英国朋友Jim所在的学校要组织学生来中国旅行,有两条线路可以选择:“长江之行”the Yangtze River 或者“泰山之旅” Mount Tai,。Jim来信希望你能给些建议。请你给他回信,内容包括:
1. 你建议的线路;2.你的理由; 3.你的祝愿。
Dear Jim,
   ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                                                                       Yours,
                                                                        Li Hua
 
答案
一、听力 1—5 CBCAB  6—10 CBACA 11—15 CBACB 16—20 CABAA

二、阅读 21-24  ABDC   25-28  BDCA   29-32  CDCA    33-35   BAD  
36-40 BFDGA

三、完形填空41-45:  BCADB 46-50:  DACCB
51-55: CBDAD 56-60:  AADBC
语法填空
61 later  62. until  63. sitting  64. was pretending  65 mentally
66. whom   67. they    68. but   69.an      70.both
短文改错
1. near-nearly  2.had 去掉 3. get-getting  4.yourselves-yourself  5. 加a
6. which - when 7. to-with   8. make- made   9. if - though  10. advices- advice

Dear Jim,
Knowing that you’re coming to China, I’m more than delighted. Now, I’d like to tell you something about this trip. 
Of the two trips to the Yangtze River and Mount Tai, both are highly recommended. Personally speaking, I prefer the tour along the Yangtze, the longest river and one of the mother rivers of Chinese civilization. You can learn a lot about the history of China and Chinese people. Moreover, the scenery along the river is amazing, with many well-known sightseeing spots. That’s why I think the trip along the Yangtze will be a better choice.
I am looking forward to your coming and hope you’ll have a pleasant trip in China.
Your
Li Hua

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